No matter where you go, or the climate you are exposed to, you cannot forget about sunscreen, an essential precautionary measure.
Sunscreens are essential in our daily routine, at any time of the year.
What Is A Sunscreen?
Sunscreen is responsible for protecting your skin from UVB and UVA rays, which are the ones that make the skin age faster, create expression lines, lose collagen and elastin, and they are responsible for pigmentation and spots in our skin.
Sunscreen should be part of your skincare routine as the last step before makeup. You must know that neither moisturizing creams, foundations, or any product that contains some type of SPF can replace your regular sunscreen. Because they usually don’t have the right concentrations to give you complete protection. It may be a compliment, but it does not replace it.
The worst hours to be in the sun are between 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Therefore, you should take care of your skin by not only putting sunscreen on but also using other forms of photoprotection such as caps, hats, sunglasses, umbrellas, long-sleeved shirts, gloves, among others. There are certified products that have specially designed fabrics to reduce the passage of light and radiation. There is already clothing and sportswear with sun protection of 50.
What Is The Difference Between UVA & UVB Rays?
They are usually the ones we notice the most. They reach the epidermis, the most superficial layer of the skin, and they are the cause of the skin turning red and showing burns. Fair skin is much more prone to immediate burns than darker ones that have a bit more resistance. However, that does not mean that you are exempt from the same damage.
They are those that reach the dermis, the deepest layers of the skin. Here, cell damage happens, where the DNA of the cells that causes wrinkles, flaccidity, and the signs of premature aging is affected. These are the ones that, probably, you won’t see at first, but in the future, they will not take long to show.
A good sunscreen should have protection against these two types of UV rays. That means that it has Broad Spectrum protection because it protects you from both. If your current sunscreen does not have it, we recommend changing it.
Differences Between Mineral & Chemical Sunscreen
They are the ones that remain on the surface of the skin. They are heavier, and when an ultraviolet ray hits directly into the skin it reflects it.
They mostly leave a white residue, because they form a protective layer. Now there are better formulas that are not as heavy but do not compare to chemicals. They are great for sensitive skin because they are chemical-free and very natural. They work wonders for most skin types, except oily and acne prone skin. Its main characteristic is that they protect us from the first minute we apply it.
These absorb ultraviolet rays, transform them into heat, and release them from the skin as an infrared ray. It is much lighter, less dense, and they tend to be more transparent. They should be avoided in sensitive skin, but are ideal in oily and acne prone skin. They should be applied 15 to 30 minutes before sun exposure to protect you.
Both types of sunscreen are recommended depending on the needs of your skin. Today, modern dermo-cosmetic filters combine chemical and mineral formulation to provide us with better protection.
What is the "Sun Protection Factor" (SPF)?
SPF measures the amount of rays that affect the skin at the time of exposure plus the time that your skin will be protected. It is from three to four hours.
Using a sunscreen of 30 is fine, but if it is 50 it will be much better. More than 50 is not necessary, is not even recommended. Also, remember to touch up your sunscreen every four hours if you are indoors, and every three hours in direct sunlight.
How To Apply it?
Which One Should I Use?
The best and most reliable ones are sunscreens from dermatological brands since they are products that have the latest technology in terms of sun protection. They also undergo several tests and quality standards that guarantee their protection capacity.
Here is a list of the most recommended sunscreens in the market:
Recommended Products To Touch Up Your Sunscreen
These products are for touch-up only and do not replace your sunscreen as they will not give you 100% protection
We hope this article has been useful for you, and our tips will serve you and help you with the care and well-being of your skin. It is important to take care of it, to be responsible for the products we use, and to have consistency when we do it.
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